Terraform, can you keep a secret?
Did you know that Terraform state can - and most likely does - contain sensitive data? A few examples of sensitive information stored in the Terraform state: Initial password for an RDS instance. Unencrypted value fetched from SSM parameter (SecureStri...Read more
AWS Account Structure: Think twice before using AWS Organizations
What is an AWS account? I like to use the following two ways to describe the concept of an AWS account: a tenant in Amazon’s multi-tenant cloud or a virtual data center. When running multiple workloads and environments using numerous AWS accounts is the...Read more
Show your Tool: Parliament
In this series, we present AWS tooling from the community for the community. We talk directly with the tool makers. Who are they? What problem does the tool solve? And what motivates them to contribute to open-source AWS tooling. This time, we talk wit...Read more
How to secure your DevOps tools with ALB authentication?
Are you hosting any DevOps tools like GitLab, Jenkins, Kibana, Grafana, or phpMyAdmin yourself? On the one hand, it is convenient to provide access to those tools via the Internet. On the other hand, those tools add high-risk attack vectors to your infr...Read more
How to avoid S3 data leaks?
You can also listen to this topic in our podcast! Not a week goes by without a frightening announcement that an organization has leaked confidential data from Amazon S3 accidentally. Most often, the root cause of a security breach is a misconfigurati...Read more
EC2 Instance Connect is an insecure default!
You can also listen to this topic in our podcast! Two months before, Michael wrote about why AWS SSM is a trojan horse. Shortly after that, AWS released EC2 Instance Connect, which is even worse. If you use Amazon Linux 2 or Ubuntu, the chances are h...Read more
AWS CloudTrail: your audit log is incomplete
Recently, I was investigating the size of a security breach caused by leaked AWS credentials. The first place to go in such a scenario is the audit log recorded by CloudTrail. When configured correctly, CloudTrail captures the requests to the AWS API an...Read more
AWS SSM is a trojan horse: fix it now!
Recently, I held a security workshop together with a team of engineers. At some point, the team demonstrated how they use AWS Systems Manager (SSM) to run commands on a machine. What the team didn’t know: they enabled a backdoor that allows everyone wit...Read more
More than 25 SSL certificates with ECS
Both the Application Load Balancer (ALB) and the Network Load Balancer (NLB) provide TLS/HTTPS listeners allowing you to encrypt the data in transit from the clients to your cloud infrastructure. Together, with the Amazon Certificate Manager (ACM) which...Read more
Goodbye SSH, use AWS Session Manager instead
SSH is great. But the AWS Session Manager - whose full name is AWS Systems Manager Session Manager - matches the needs for interacting with your EC2 instances even better. BenefitsYou should think about replacing SSH with the AWS Session Manager becaus...Read more